Trafalgar Square Riot
P: British Pathé. UK 1913
Print: BFI National Archive
A suffragette procession in Trafalgar Square led by Sylvia Pankhurst results in a riot in Whitehall. Policemen are seen escorting Miss Pankhurst away.
About Emmeline, Sylvia, Christabel und Adela Pankhurst:
“Emmeline Pankhurst (1858-1928) was a British political activist and leader of the British suffragette movement who helped women win the right to vote. (…) She was widely criticised for her militant tactics, and historians disagree about their effectiveness, but her work is recognised as a crucial element in achieving women’s suffrage in Britain. Pankhurst, her daughters, and other WSPU activists were sentenced to repeated prison sentences, where they staged hunger strikes to secure better conditions. As Pankhurst’s oldest daughter Christabel took leadership of the WSPU, antagonism between the group and the government grew. Eventually the group adopted arson as a tactic, and more moderate organisations spoke out against the Pankhurst family. In 1913 several prominent individuals left the WSPU, among them Pankhurst’s daughters Adela and Sylvia. (…) The family rift was never healed. Sylvia became a socialist.”
On to Washington
P: Universal Film Mfg. Co. for Universal Animated Weekly. USA 1913
“The single most effective American demonstration for female voting rights was the ‘Woman Suffrage Procession’ in Washington, D.C., on March 3, 1913, the day before Woodrow Wilson’s inauguration as president. Accompanied by nine bands and 26 floats, at least 5,000 marchers paraded down Pennsylvania Avenue, led by women from countries with the female vote, followed by U.S. state delegations, and wrapped up by a contingent of men (who faced taunts of ‘Where are your skirts?’). The march was instrumental in shifting the debate into a national issue, one that would need to be resolved by a constitutional amendment rather than state referenda. By the end of the previous year, the state-by-state approach had reached something of an impasse, and the referendum in Michigan, evidently stolen by anti-suffrage forces, only reinforced the need for a national strategy.
A contingent from the New York State Suffrage Association is profiled in this segment from Universal Animated Weekly, issue 50, released in late February 1913 and perhaps the earliest American newsreel issue to survive.(…)
Here we see the start on February 12 in Newark, New Jersey, of a 180-mile walk in winter by 14 New York ‘suffrage pilgrims’, who timed their arrival into Washington for the pre-inaugural march.”
National Film Preservation Foundation
>>> Emmeline Pankhurst’s arrest on this site: Palace Pandemonium