Ben Hur

Ben Hur
R: Sidney Olcott/Frank Oakes Rose. P: Kalem Co. USA 1907
“This first film adaptation of the well-known novel by General Lew Wallace was the first American film production challenged in court for its being an unauthorized adaptation of a copyrighted work. Producer Kalem Film Manufacturing Company had not secured permission to film the novel and was successfully sued by the Wallace estate in 1911 for copyright infringement.
Regardless what you might read elsewhere, William S. Hart does not appear in this film. He had previously appeared as Messala in the Broadway stage play adaptation.”
Carl Bennett
Silent Era

TRAUM UND EXZESS, S, 270 f.