Colours True to Nature

Hollandse tulpen en klompen
P: Kinematograaf Pathé Frères. NL 1915
Print: EYE collection

Hollandse tulpen en klompen consists of two short fragment made by foreign companies – or there subsidiaries – in the Netherlands. The first fragment Hollandse tulpen shows men and women working on the tulip fields. The film is made for a Dutch audience as the inter titles do indicate and promotes the custom of giving flowers as a present. The production company was probably the Kinematograaf Pathé Frères, the Dutch subsidiary of Pathé. The reason for attributing the film to Pathé is the way the colour has been added to the film. The stencilling technique is typical for Pathé and not used by any other company in the Netherlands. The second fragment shows children’s play at the Island of Marken. The children wear the traditional costumes of their hometown.”

A Pretty Dutch Town
P: Gaumont (?).  NL 1910
Location: Dordrecht, Meuse, The Netherlands
Print: EYE collection

“Abroad, Pathé in particular was working on a colour system – Pathécolor – that made use of stencilling and/or manual colouring. This was a method that was already known in the field of picture postcards and wallpaper, whereby a stunning colour effect could be achieved by using different templates for each colour. An example of this kind of colouring can be seen in the first part of the film Hollandse tulpen en klompen. (…) This method of colouring was unique in the Netherlands, as the Dutch film companies only used the techniques of tinting and toning; the few film recordings made in the Netherlands that used colour stencilling are all of foreign (probably French) manufacture. Examples include the film Dutch Types,  made by French company  Gaumont, and the film Pretty Dutch Town.


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